CIVICS FORM ONE TOPIC 6: FAMILY

Family members have rights depending on their status in the family. For instance, parents have rightslikebearing, guiding and advising children. They are also free to teach community values to their children and be respected by their children.
On the other hand, children have rights to basic and other needs such as food, shelter, clothes, education, health-care, rest and leisure. Their opinions are also supposed to be heard, they are to be given names and be registered, live with their parents, be protected from harm and be treated equally without discrimination.
Family stability
This is the situation where the family is firm, steady and not changing or disturbed in any way. In a stable family, there is trust, respect, harmony and good behaviour.
The Rights and Responsibilities of Each Member in the Family
Analyse the rights and responsibilities of each member in the family
Responsibilities of family members
A responsibility is a duty or a job someone has to do, and would be blamed if one fails to do it or does it wrongly. Each family member has his or her own duties for the benefit of the family and the community at large.
(a) Father
In most African societies, the father is the head of the family and therefore has more responsibilities than others. Such responsibilities include making decisions for the family and organizing family activities. He also provides security and requirements for family members like food, clothes and good shelter. Additionally, he teaches children customs and traditions of their community and maintains family discipline and peace.
(b) Mother
The mother always assists the father in maintaining the family. But in some societies, the mother plays a significant role in day-to-day family matters. She is the closest assistant and organizer of family activities. She also gives birth and cares for both her husband and children. Lastly, she is a bridge of love between parents and children as well as maintains family stability.
(c) Children
Children are an important component of the family and nation at large. They are good assistants in domestic work and in take care of younger siblings. Additionally, they are a bond of love and joy in a family. Therefore, they have to respect parents and elders, and learn from them.
Consequences of Failure by Family Members to Carry out Their Responsibilities
Assess the consequences of failure by family members to carry out their responsibilities
The consequences of failure by family members to carry out their responsibilities include the lack of basic needs. This is because children cannot get basic and other needs if their parents fail to work hard. It can also lead to family conflict, family breakdown and children becoming street kids. For instance, frequent misunderstandings cause quarrels and consequently, the absence of peace and security to family members. Finally, family instability may be witnessed aschildren may acquire bad habits and create trouble in the society.
Exercise 1
1. Define the following terms:
  1. Courtship
  2. Marriage
  3. Early marriage
Exercise 2
2. Marriage can be legally recognized, it has been established by:
  1. _______________________
  2. _______________________
  3. _______________________
Exercise 3
3. List any four (4) major causes of early marriage in your society
Exercise 4
4. Write True or False against the following statements:
  1. Poverty is one of the causes of early marriages
  2. HIV/AIDS can be the consequence of early marriage
  3. Children are responsible for feeding the family
  4. Mature marriage is always advantageous
Exercise 5
5. Pick and write the letter of the correct answer from the choices listed below. (The question is not clear. It appears some words are missing. Improve it)
  1. It prepares mates for adulthood
  2. It is a period of avoiding HIV
  3. It is a period of joy and love
  4. None of the above
Exercise 6
6. Are you ready to get married to someone? If Yes or No, give three reasons.
Exercise 7
7. What is a family?
Exercise 8
8. Name any three pillars of families found in your society
  1. _______________________
  2. _______________________
  3. _______________________
Exercise 9
9. What are the advantages of the nuclear family?
Exercise 10
10. What are the disadvantages of extended family?

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